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Chemical Resistance Chart


Chemical Resistance Table


Chemical & Formula Concentration ABS PP PVC PE
Acetic acid, Aqueous 25% N 82 60 60
CH3COOH 40% - - - -
60% N 82 23 23
85% N 49 23 23
Ammonium Sulfate (Alum) AINH4(SO4)2 I2H2O Satd - 60 60 60
Amonium Hydroxide 10% 49 100 60 60
NH4OH 30% - - - R to 60
Ammonium Nitrate NH4NO3 Satd 49 100 60 60
Ammonium Phosphate (Monobasic) NH4H2PO4 All 49 100 60 60
Ammonium Sulfate
(NH4)2SO4
Satd 49 100 60 60
Borax Na3B4O7O10H2O Satd 71 100 60 60
Calcium Carbonate CaCO3 Satd - 82 60 60
Calcium Chloride 5% - - - -
CaCl2 Sat'd 49 82 60 60
Calcium Hypochlorite 30% 71 60 60 60
Ca(OCl)2 Sat'd - - - -
Copper Sulfate
CuSO4 o5H2O
Satd 49 49 60 60
Chlorine Gas (Moisture Content) 0-20 ppm N N C to 23 C to 23
20 - 50 N N N C to 23
50+ ppm N N N C to 23
Chlorine Liquid N N N N
Chlorinated Water 10 ppm - 82 60 60
Chlorinated Water Satd - 82 60 C to 49
Detergents - - 82 60 R to 60
Ferrous Sulfate FeSO4 - 71 60 60 60
Hydrochloric Acid HCl 1% - - - -
10% C to 49 60 60 60
20% - - - -
30% C to 23 60 60 60
Conc. - - - -
Hypochlorous Acid 10% 23 23 60 60
HOCl 70% - - - -
Nitric Acid
HNO3
5% - - - -
10% C to 23 82 60 23
20% - - - -
30% N 60 60 23
35% - - - -
40% N 23 60 23
50% N N 38 C to 23
70% N N 23 C to 23
100% N N N N
Lubricating Oil - - C to 60 60 23
Phosphoric Acid
H3PO4
10% - 100 60 60
50% 23 100 60 60
85% - 100 60 23
98% - - - -
Potassium Permanganate
 KmnO4
10% - 82 23 60
25% - 23 23 60
Soap - 23 60 60 R to 60
Sodium Bicarbonate NaHCO3 - 23 100 60 60
Sodium Carbonate Na2CO3 - 23 100 60 60
Sodium Chloride NaCl - 49 100 60 60
Sodium HypoChlorite NaOClO 5H2O - 49 23 23 60
Sulfur S - - 100 60 60
Sulfuric Acid
H2SO4
30% 49 82 60 60
50% 23 82 60 49
60% C to 23 23 60 49
70% C to 23 23 60 R to 49
80% C to 23 82 60 R to 49
90% C to 23 66 23 49
93% N C to 23 23 C to 23
94% - 98% N C to 23 N C to 23
100% N C to 23 N C to 23
Urea - - 82 60 60
Urine - 71 82 60 60
Water, Acid Mild H20 - 71 60 60 60
Water, Deionized H20 - 71 60 60 60
Water, Distilled H20 - 71 100 60 60
Water, Potable H20 - 71 100 60 60
Water, Salt H20 - 71 100 60 60
Water, Sea H20 - 71 100 60 60
Water, Soft H20 - 71 100 60 60
Zinc Sulfate - 71 82 60 60


Resistance Codes


Code Meaning Typical Results
60 Plastic type is generally resistant to temperature (ºC) indicated by code. Swelling < 3% or weight loss < 0.5% and elongation at break not significantly changed.
R to 23 Plastic type is generally resistant to temperature (ºC) indicated by code and may have limited resistance at higher temperatures. Swelling < 3% or weight loss < 0.5% and elongation at break not significantly have limited resistance at higher temperatures. changed.
C to 23 Plastic type is generally resistant to temperature (ºC) indicated by code and may be suitable for some conditions Swelling 3-8% or weight loss < 0.5-5% and / or elongation at break decreased by suitable for some conditions. < 50%.
N Plastic type is not resistant. Swelling < 8% or weight loss < 5% and / or elongation at break decreased by > 50%.
-- Data not available  
  • Chemicals that to do not normally affect the properties of an unstressed thermoplastic may cause completely different behavior (such as stress cracking) when under thermal or mechanical stress (such as constant internal pressure or frequent thermal or mechanical stress cycles).

  • Unstressed immersion test chemical resistance information is applicable only when the thermoplastic pipe will not be subject to mechanical or thermal stress that is constant or cycles frequently.

  • When the pipe will be subject to a continuous applied mechanical or thermal stress or to combinations of chemicals, testing that duplicates the expected field conditions as closely as possible should be performed on representative samples of the pipe product to properly evaluate plastic pipe for use in this application.

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